Musical Instruments used as Types and Shadows – David Calderwood (1575-1650)

From The Pastor and the Prelate

The [true] pastor loves no music in the house of God but such as edifies us, and stops with his ears at instrumental music, as serving for the pedagogy of the untoward Jews under the law, and being figurative of that spiritual joy whereunto our hearts should be opened under the gospel.

The Prelate loves carnal and curious singing to the ear, more than the spiritual melody of the gospel, and therefore would have an antiphony [a type of choir] and organs in the cathedral kirks [churches], upon no greater reason than other shadows of the law of Moses; or lesser instruments, as lutes, citherns, or pipes, might be used in other kirks.