Christian magistrates must govern by the Law of GodBeside their power, as men, to try all things by the Law of God manifested to them, and their power of Christian discretion (if they are Christians) to judge by the Word of God what is for their own spiritual and eternal advantage, magistrates, as such, have a power of politically judging and determining, what and how principles and practices of the true religion are to be connected with political rewards or encouragements; or, what ought to be professed and practised by persons, as members of their political society, in order to promote the real welfare of it, in subordination to the glory of God, as King of nations.
- Magistrates should use good and necessary consequences from the Word of God to address both first and second table commandments in their area of governance
- If magistrates judge rightly in such matters, they shall obtain God’s favour. Conversely, if they do not judge in accordance with God’s laws, they will be judged by God
- Magistrates are to be nursing fathers to the Christian church
- Magistrates are to judge in matters of church schism
- Magistrates may overrule church officers, in their civil realm, where men issue blasphemous or idolatrous decrees