The sum of the second commandmentThe second commandment concerns all such worship of God which He only has appointed; whereby He communicates Himself to man, and man again makes profession of Him: forbidding, under one kind, all such as are not by Him ordained.
The positive side: What is requiredThink thus: Have I worshipped God in spirit and truth, in all the kinds and parts of his worship, public and private, ordinary or extraordinary:
- by hearing, reading, and meditating of his word;
- by praying, praising, and giving thanks to him;
- by a right use of his sacraments, baptism, and the Lord's supper; and
- by religious fasting, religious feasting, and making of vows, according as I have had special occasion?
The negative side: What is forbiddenBesides the omission of the former duties, am I not guilty, some way or other, of idol worship, conceiving of God in my mind, or representing him to my sense, in the likeness of any creature? Have I not added to, or detracted from, any part of God's worship? Have I not run into the appearances and occasions of idolatry:
- by [my] presence at idol service;
- by marriage [with an idolatrous person]; and
- by needless familiarity with idolatrous persons?