In 1618, an attempt to impose Anglicanism upon Presbyterians was taken up through the passing of five articles, in Perth (Scotland). This was the first direct attack upon the Scottish Church’s governance of worship. These “Five Articles of Perth” were opposed by the Scottish Church (including David Dickson who was removed from his church, and others who were put in prison).
- Communion is to be received in a kneeling posture.
- Private Communion is permitted in cases of sickness.
- Private Baptism is permitted when necessary.
- Children should be confirmed by a Bishop.
- Christmas, Good Friday, Easter, Ascension and Pentecost are Holy days.
These five articles are a reminder of what such Reformed and Presbyterian ministers opposed. The fifth article was also implicitly opposed by the Church of Scotland, a number of decades later, in its Directory for Publick Worship (1645), as follows:
There is no day commanded in scripture to be kept holy under the gospel but the Lord’s day, which is the Christian Sabbath.
Festival days, vulgarly called Holy-days, having no warrant in the word of God, are not to be continued.